• Users Online: 350
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-71

The use of noninvasive continuous cardiac output to monitor the hemodynamic effects of propofol-fentanyl versus propofol-ketamine induction

Department of Anesthesiology, Misr University for Science and Technology, 6th of October City, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Alaa A.A. Niazi
Department of Anesthesiology, Misr University for Science and Technology, 6th of October City, Giza
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-4625.162399

Rights and Permissions

Background Noninvasive continuous cardiac output monitoring method utilizing ECG and a pulse oximeter wave was based on hemodynamic analysis combined with pulse wave transit time. Propofol injection may induce a significant decrease in blood pressure. The use of ketamine with propofol may reduce the dose and the hemodynamic effect of propofol. Patients and methods Sixty female patients, ASA I and II, undergoing dilatation and curettage were divided into two equal groups. The first group received propofol (1 mg/kg) + fentanyl (1 μg/kg), whereas the second group received propofol (1 mg/kg) + ketamine (0.5 mg/kg) as induction agents. Continuous cardiac output monitoring was performed using pulse wave transit time technology. Hemodynamic data such as oxygen saturation through pulse oximetry, heart rate, and blood pressure were recorded every minute. Results Statistically significant differences between both groups were observed in diastolic, systolic, mean blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output. The propofol/fentanyl group showed a significant decrease in diastolic, systolic, and mean blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output compared with the propofol/ketamine group. Conclusion Noninvasive cardiac output measurement utilizing ECG, noninvasive blood pressure, and a pulse oximeter is a reliable method. Hemodynamic parameters including blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, and cardiac output index decreased with the induction of propofol and fentanyl combination, but were stable with the use of a propofol and ketamine combination.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded182    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal